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Кәсіби ағылшын тілі. «Steering System»

Жамбыл облысы, Талас ауданы, Қаратау қаласы № 2 Қаратау Колледжі

Кәсіби ағылшын тілі пәнінің мұғалімі Кулпеисова Зухра Жумабаевна

Тақырыбы: Кәсіби ағылшын тілі. «Steering System»

THEME: «Steering System»

AIMS OF THE LESSON: «Steering System»
— to improve pupils’ listening, speaking, reading, writing skills
— to enrich pupils’ vocabulary, reading texts, dialogues and analyzing them
THE TYPE OF THE LESSON: traditional

VISUAL AIDS:

pictures on the theme

cards with tasks

presentations

THE PROCEDURE OF THE LESSON
I ORGANIZATION MOMENT

GREETING
— Good morning, students!
— Good morning, teacher!
— How are you?
— We are fine and you?
— I am also fine.
-What is the weather like today?
-Who is on duty today?
-You may sit.

II.CHECK UP THE HOME TASK.

Now pupils, what was your home task for today’s lesson?Ok, now let’s check up your home task.So, boys and girls your home task was ex ….. at page.. .Who wants to read and to be the first? Ok 1st sentence please……… Who wants to answer it?Thank you, who wants to continue?Okay, thanks. Sit down, please

LESSON PLAN OUTLINE

IIІ.INTRODUCTION OF THE NEW THEME: Text: Steering System

Прочтите слова и словосочетания изапомните их русские эквиваленты.

СЛОВАРЬ УРОКА

excessive — чрезмерный

hydraulicpump—гидравлическийнасос

leakage— утечка

lever— рычаг

leverage– рычажныймеханизм

meansofturning– средствоповорота

pitmanarm— рулевая сошка

pitmanshaft— рулевой вал

pivot— шарнир

rackandpinionassembly-реечно-шестеренчатыймеханизм

rackandpiniontypesteeringgear— рулевой механизм с

steering box — картер рулевого механизма

steering column – рулевая колонка

steeringknucklearm— рычагповоротного кулака

steering wheel — рулевоеколесо

swing (swang, swung) —поворачиваться

tie-rod — поперечная тяга

wormandsectortype—рулевой механизм с червякоми сектором

рейкой и шестерней

recirculating ball type steering gear — pyлевой механизм с шариковой гайкой

TEXT

Steering System / Рулеваясистема

То guide the car, it is necessary to have some means of turning thefront wheels so that the car can be pointed in the direction the driverwants to go. The steering wheel in front of the driver is linked bygears and levers to the front wheels for this purpose.

The frontwheels are on pivots so they can be swung to the left or right. Theyare attached by steering knuckle arms to the rods. The tie-rods are,in turn, attached (o (he pitman arm.

When the steering wheel is turned, gearing in the steering gear assemblycauses the pitman arm to turn to the left or right.

Thismovement is carried by the tie-rods to the steering knucle arms, andwheels, musing them to turn to the left or right.

Рис. 4. Steering System

1.steering wheel – рулевоеколесо

2.steering column,

steering mast — рулевая колонка

3. sleering gear – рулевой механизм

4. sleering arm, steering lever,

(steering) pitman arm —рулеваясошка

5.steeringknuckle —поворотная цапфа,поворотный кулак

6. sleering knuckle lever,

steering knuckle arm — рычагповоротногокулака

7. single tie-rod – неразрезнаяпоперечная рулевая тяга

8. steering knuckle lever,

steering knuckle arm — рычагповоротногокулака

9. drag link, steering gearconnecting rod,

steeringdragrod— продольная рулевая тяга

The steering system incorporates: the steering wheel and column,steering gear, pitman arm, steering knuckle arm, front axle,

steering knuckle pivot, tie-rods.

There are several different manual steering gears in current use,such as the rack and pinion type and the recirculating ball type. Therack and pinion steering gear is widely used. Another manualsteering gear which is popular in imported cars is the worm andsector type.

The steering wheel and column are the source of injury to thedriver, air bags and other devices being developed now to safe thelife of a driver.

Energy-absorbing columns must stop the steering wheel and columnfrom being pushed to the rear as the front of the car is crushedin an impact.

Energy-absorbing columns must also provide the driver with atolerable impact as he moves forward and strikes the wheel with hischest.

Troubles of Steering Gear Components

Steering gear and linkage may have the following basic troubles:

excessive steering-wheel free play, bending of steering rod, oilleakage from the steering-gear case, disadjustment of steering gear.

What to do

1.Check the steering-wheel free play and steering gear performancewhile the car is running.

2.Check the steering-gear case for oil leakage by visual inspection.

3.Adjust the steering gear. Steering gear of the worm and rollertype is adjusted by end playing in the steering worm shaft bearings.

Exercise 1. Прочтите слова и сопоставьте их срусскими значениями.

column, spindle, system, hydraulic, pump, reservoir, popular, type,effective, effectiveness, effectively, energy, function, to deform,deformation.

Exercise2. Переведите слова, обращая внимание насуффиксы и префиксы.

Rotate — rotation, apply — application, move — movement,

develop— development, drive — driver, form — reform — deform -deformation,

guide — guidance.

Exercise3. Найдите в тексте ответы на вопросы.

1.What mechanism is necessary to guide the car?

2.How is the steering wheel connected to the front wheels?

3.Why can the front wheels be swung to the left or to the right?

4.What does the manual steering system incorporate?

5.What types of manual steering gears in use do you know?

Упражнение 4. Переведите на русский язык, обращаяособое внимание на герундий.

1.То guide the car it is necessary to have some means of turningthefront wheels.

2.The steering wheel in front of the driver is linked by gears andlevers to the front wheels for turning the car in the direction thedriver wants to go.

3.Without using the steering system the car moves only in the directposition.

4.Manufacturers can use rack and pinion type steering gear withoutchoosing another type because «rack and pinion» type steering isvery dependable.

5.Energy-absorbing columns must stop the steering wheel frombeing pushed to the rear when the front of the car is damaged in animpact.

Упражнение 5.Закончите предложения, выбравсоответствующее окончание из правой колонки.

1.The front wheels are on pivotsso… …

2.When the steering wheel isturned… …

3.The steering wheel is linked. …

4.Most manufacturers use… …

5.Steering gear may be… …

6.Steering knuckle arms andwheels are turned… …

a. by the tie-rods.

b. rack and pinion type, recirculatingball type, warm andsector type.

d. gearing in the steering systemcauses the pitman arm to turn.

e. rack and pinion type.

f. they can be swung to the left orright.

g. by gears and levers to the frontwheels.

ІV. CONCLUSION.Today we have done a lot of work. We have practiced listening, writing, speaking and reading. That’s all for today.

У. GIVING THE HOME TASK. Write down your homework. Tell about «Steering System»

Andnow, yourmarks… (оценки прокомментировать).

The lesson is over. Good- bye!

HOMEWORK

Exercise6. Переведите предложения на английскийязык.

1.Для управления автомобилем необходима система рулевогоуправления.

2.Рулевое управление включает в себя: рулевое колесо ирулевую колонку, зубчатое соединение, рулевую сошку,рычаги поворотного кулака и шарнирные соединения, рычагии поперечные тяги.

3.Существуют различные типы рулевых механизмов, аименно: реечно-шестеренчатый тип, механизм с шаровойгайкой, механизм с червяком и сектором.

4.Когда водитель поворачивает руль влево или вправо, торулевой механизм заставляет рулевую сошку поворачиватьсявлево или вправо.

Это движение передается поперечными тягами к рычагамповоротных кулаков и к колесам, заставляя их поворачиватьсявлево или вправо.

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